Anorexia Nervosa Information (DSM)

Section 1: List of the symptoms for this disorder:

- loss of weight

- light-headedness

- exhaustion

- thin hair

- dry skin

- headaches

- excessive exercising

- repeated feeling of coldness

- easily chipped nails

- easily broken nails

- obsession with dieting

- bingeing and purging

- fixation with weight

- insecurity about appearance

- amenorrhea (irregular menstruation)

- constipation

- aversion to food

- introversion

 

More Information: 
Anorexia Nervosa is a serious Eating Disorder characterised by being- or having an obsessive desire to be- extremely underweight and by refusing to eat ‘properly’. Suffers tend to have low self-esteem and an incorrect perception of their bodies, seeing themselves as fatter or larger than they are and so they are led to self-starvation. They usually have fear of gaining weight and it is possible that they restrict their food in order to feel like they have control over areas of life that are in fact out of their control. Anorexia covers other underlying problems so it is also possible that starvation is a way to express other emotions like anxiety or depression. While both sexes suffer, it is more common in teenage girls. Females with Anorexia can stop menstruating while it creates many different health problems and if it’s untreated it can lead to death.


Types of Treatmant: 
Through speaking to an active listener, those with Anorexia Nervosa are able to share their struggles, which can be extremely difficult and guilt provoking. This may be their first outlet, and by having this person to speak to and have them listen to them non-judgementally, they may feel more confident in seeking the more intense support that is needed to treat the disorder. There is online therapy and counselling available through 7 Cups of Tea, or the sufferer is able to go to their GP and be referred to a psychologist in their area, as well as, where available specialist eating disorder services. Sharing their thoughts, or admitting to disordered behaviours, can be a great release to the sufferer, and in getting more specialist support online or close to them, they are able to work on their recovery journey in restoring any lost weight, finding the underlying cause and any other linked mental health struggles, and creating relapse prevention plans to keep the sufferer on track and on the road to a life without the disorder.


 

Author(s):  IreKat, marvelousMermaid87, windflowers

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