Bipolar Disorder (DSM)

Section 1: List of the symptoms for this disorder:

Manic:  high energy, reduced need for sleep, loss of reality, may last weeks/months, euphoria, risky behaviors, disorganized, excessive sexual desire, self-harm, racing thoughts, weight loss/gain, rapid speaking

Depressive: low energy, low motivation, loss of interest in life, may be suicidal, mood swings, anger, anxiety, self-harm, delusions, sleeping problems, fatigue, weight loss/gain


More Information:
This is very common dx in the United States.   Bipolar can only be treated, not cured.   A medical dx is needed for this condition.  This is a lifelong disorder.   The causes of bipolar is unknown at this time.  Some think that this is caused by a combination of genetics, the environment, and altered brain structure and altered body chemistry.   Some cases may involve being in the hospital.   There are 3 types of specialist that are needed to treat this disorder:  psychiatrist, clinical psychologist, and a primary card doctor.   The 3 common types of meds are: anticonvulsants, antipsychotics, and SSRI’s.

Treatment:
As mentioned earlier, therapy plays an important role in the the treatment of bipolar. These therapies include: support groups, CBT, psychoeducation, family therapy and psychotherapy. Support groups lead by a counselor, either in office or online counseling, when the patient is stable enough to participate is very helpful. A therapist, in person or online therapy can help with conflicts and some communication issues.  Active listening can help the trained listener with clues as to what is going on with the patient.

Author(s): Stacy (@stacy46)
 

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