Section 1: List of the symptoms for this disorder:
Manic: high energy, reduced need for sleep, loss of reality, may last weeks/months, euphoria, risky behaviors, disorganized, excessive sexual desire, self-harm, racing thoughts, weight loss/gain, rapid speaking
Depressive: low energy, low motivation, loss of interest in life, may be suicidal, mood swings, anger, anxiety, self-harm, delusions, sleeping problems, fatigue, weight loss/gain
This is very common dx in the United States. Bipolar can only be treated, not cured. A medical dx is needed for this condition. This is a lifelong disorder. The causes of bipolar is unknown at this time. Some think that this is caused by a combination of genetics, the environment, and altered brain structure and altered body chemistry. Some cases may involve being in the hospital. There are 3 types of specialist that are needed to treat this disorder: psychiatrist, clinical psychologist, and a primary card doctor. The 3 common types of meds are: anticonvulsants, antipsychotics, and SSRI’s.
As mentioned earlier, therapy plays an important role in the the treatment of bipolar. These therapies include: support groups, CBT, psychoeducation, family therapy and psychotherapy. Support groups lead by a counselor, either in office or online counseling, when the patient is stable enough to participate is very helpful. A therapist, in person or online therapy can help with conflicts and some communication issues. Active listening can help the trained listener with clues as to what is going on with the patient.