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The Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder


Mania is the high pole of Bipolar Disorder. This episode is part of Bipolar Disorder I. The symptoms of mania are racing thoughts, high level of energy, a decreased need for sleep, increased sexual desire (hypersexuality), impulsivity, lack of social inhibition,  poor judgment, talking fast, grandiose beliefs, irritability, drug and alcohol abuse, elevated mood and psychosis (hallucinations and delusions).



Hypomania is the high pole in Bipolar Disorder II. Symptoms of hypomania are: decreased need for sleep, creativity, increased energy, higher libido (hypersexuality), goal-focused activities, elevated mood, drug and alcohol abuse, risk-seeking behavior, impulsivity, and irritability.



Depression in Bipolar Disorder is very similar to major clinical depression. The symptoms include: decreased energy levels, lack of motivation, lack of interest in the things the individual used to enjoy, decreased sexual energy, feelings of worthlessness and helplessness, hopelessness, feelings of emptiness and indifference, suicidality, self-harm, physical symptoms such as pain, indigestion and headaches, drug and alcohol abuse, insomnia or oversleeping, overeating or lack of appetite, irritability, suicidal thoughts, attempts of suicide and sometimes psychosis.


Mixed Episodes


Mixed episodes are said to be the most dangerous episodes of Bipolar Disorder because a depressed mood gets mixed with heightened energy and fast thinking. Both the symptoms of mania and depression occur in mixed episodes, which often leads to a toxic mix of impulsivity, hopelessness, self-destructive behavior and suicidal thoughts.

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