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What is Type II Diabetes?

Goal

To understand what Type II Diabetes is, as well as recognize the risk factors.

DiabetesType II Diabete sis the most common form of diabetes, and is sometimes called “non-insulin dependent” or “adult onset” diabetes. It typically does not develop until after age 35, although there is an increasing group of young people who are developing Type II Diabetes. Unlike in Type I (also known as Juvenile Diabetes), people with Type II Diabetes are able to produce some of their own insulin, but it is not enough for the body’s needs. Other times, the insulin is unable to serve as a key for the body’s cells to receive glucose-known as insulin resistance.

Currently, doctors do not fully understand what leads to Type II Diabetes. However, there are certain risk factors associated with the onset of type II diabetes. These include being overweight, as well as the fat distribution across your body--if your body stores fat mostly in your abdomen--you may have a higher risk than someone whose body stores fat in his or her hips or thighs. Living a sedentary lifestyle and a family history of diabetes are also common risk factors. Although researchers are unsure of the reasoning, African-Americans, Hispanics, American Indians, and Asian Americans are at a higher risk than Caucasians. It is most often seen in people who are overweight and generally live a sedentary lifestyle.

Daniel’s story: Understanding Type II Diabetes

Understanding Type II DiabetesDaniel is a 45 year old, heavy set, Hispanic man. He is an accountant, so he sits most of the day, and he does not often exercise, either. Daniel’s maternal grandmother had diabetes, and his sister is currently pre-diabetic. His doctor has previously discussed the risk for Type II Diabetes with him, but at his last appointment he was diagnosed with Type II Diabetes. Now, he has decided to take a serious look at his health and start making changes.

All races and ethnicities have the same risk for diabetes

Daniel was showing all of the following risk factors for diabetes EXCEPT:

True or False: People under 35 are not at risk for Type II Diabetes.

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